Continuing in our series on Pet Nutrition, you may have heard the term “fatty acids” used many times with regard to human health. The fact is, our pets require fatty acids for improved heath, too.
In simplest terms, fatty acids are the building blocks of the fat in our bodies and in the food we eat. During digestion, the body breaks down fats into fatty acids, which can then be absorbed into the blood. Fatty acid molecules are usually joined together in groups of three, forming a molecule called a triglyceride. Triglycerides are also made in our bodies from the carbohydrates that we eat.
Fatty acids have many important functions in the body, including energy storage. If glucose (a type of sugar) isn’t available for energy, the body uses fatty acids to fuel the cells instead.
Fatty acids with regard to dogs and cats
Dietary fatty acids serve as precursors to prostaglandins and other eicosanoids. The essential fatty acids in canine and feline diets include omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
Dogs and cats both require omega-6 acid linoleic acid. (LA). Omega-3 fatty acids include eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and α-linolenic acid (ALA). Another called arachidonic acid (AA) is also required for cats.
Marine oil sources provide EPA and DHA, which are more effective in dogs and cats than ALA (which is not significantly converted to EPA or DHA). The eicosanoids produced from omega-3 fatty acids are less inflammatory than those produced from AA.
Studies on the effects of feeding therapeutic food containing dietary fatty acids have shown improvements in pets with the following health issues:
- Inflammatory skin disorders
- Cardiovascular disorders
- Renal disease
- Cognitive function and neurological health
Ways to supplement your pet’s diet
Many commercial pet foods these days are supplemented with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. However, there is no legal requirement for listing omega-3 fatty acids on pet food labels or to guarantee the pet is getting the correct supplementation to suit his/her particular dietary needs.
We suggest talking with your veterinarian about your pet’s diet. After completing a Nutritional Assessment and reviewing the pet’s health history, your veterinarian can help you determine a proper diet and recommend additional fatty acid supplements such as our Catalyst Chews and mini-bites that are 100% made in America that pets find appealing.
Joe Martins, DVM, Belle Mead Animal Hospital
You can tell a lot about your pet by looking at them. But one thing you can’t see is their heart. Is it healthy or not? A pet may have developed heart disease, and even the most observant pet parent may not realize it.
Heart disease affects pets of all ages. For example, certain breeds of dogs and cats are at a higher risk of heart disease at a young age. In contrast, some pets develop heart disease later in life concurrent with another illness. Finally, there are those pets who randomly develop heart disease at any age without any noticeable signs to the pet parent.
Studies have shown that as many as one in six cats have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a condition that causes the heart walls to thicken, making it difficult for the heart to pump. However, symptoms don’t appear until the severe stages of this disease.
If your pet’s heart is not checked regularly, your pet may be at risk for a shortened lifespan due to heart disease. The good news is, if caught early, most illnesses can be treated or managed successfully for years. And if your pet already has moderate heart disease but is regularly monitored by your family veterinarian, often the progression can be slowed down.
During your pet’s annual the exam, your veterinarian will listen with a stethoscope to make sure your pet’s heart sounds right and there is no heart murmur and/or arrhythmia. We can also perform a few other easy tests, such as a proBNP test, to make a further diagnosis. A proBNP test can help establish a baseline of the condition of a dog or cat’s heart without the added expense of performing an echocardiogram (cardiac ultrasound)
When we think of love, we think of hearts. And we love all pets. Let your family veterinarian take care of your pet’s heart. Do your best not to skip your pet’s annual wellness visit for the sake of their heart.
Dr. Joe Martins, DVM
Belle Mead Animal Hospital
It’s important that pet parents understand just how useful routine blood work is as a tool that allows veterinarians to discover abnormalities and potential health risks that can easily be missed during an office exam.
Sometimes veterinarians find themselves needing to see numbers, values, images and scans because the initial nose-to-tail exam did not lead to a definitive diagnosis. Veterinarians turn to diagnostics to get further answers.
Following are some reasons why blood work might be ordered:
- Veterinarians use blood work to create baseline numbers for future blood results
- Blood work is used to determine liver, kidney and pancreas functions
- Pre-anesthetic blood work is necessary to ensure normal organ functions prior to administration of anesthesia
- Blood work is necessary for monitoring drug levels to ensure safety and accuracy of dosage
- Blood work is important in managing and monitoring the progress of certain types of treatments.
Our colleague and medical director at Johnstown Veterinary Associates explains it in more detail. Read his full article here and feel confident that when your family veterinarian suggests blood work, there is good reason to do so. Veterinarian’s view: Blood work is important for pets, too
It’s been our pleasure to care for your pet(s) with our vision of Integrity, Excellence, Innovation, and Compassion. With our Fear Free approach, we do our best to listen to client concerns and educate pet owners on the most appropriate care for their pet. We hope we have met your expectations once again this past year.
We would like to let you know that the Nominations are in, and BELLE MEAD ANIMAL HOSPITAL made it to the FINAL VOTING ROUND in the Official Community Choice Awards for 2022! You can help us WIN!
It’s easy to enter. Visit the Voting Link at https://mycentraljersey.secondstreetapp.com/2022-Best-of-the-Best—My-Central-Jersey/
Follow the instructions to Register.
Vote for Belle Mead Animal Hospital in the Pets Category >Pets >Veterinary Hospital section.
Vote for Dr. Joe Martins in the Pets Category >Pets-People >Veterinarian section.
Each person can vote once per day in each category using only one email address now through August 31st. If someone votes in at least 25 categories, they will be entered for a chance to win a $500 gift card from MyCentralJersey.
We are honored to be of service to you and your pets, and we thank you for your support!
Reminder: Use the BMAH Website as an Educational Resource! Did you know you can now Search our website for particular topics of information and advice? Visit our Learning Center > Search this Site and enter a word or words of the subject you want to learn more about. We are constantly adding new material to our website and improving functionality to help serve you better.
Belle Mead Animal Hospital, Your Other Family Doctors
Handling Every Pet with Love Every Day!
As Certified Fear Free Professionals, our Mission is to prevent and alleviate fear, anxiety and stress in pets by inspiring and educating the people who care for them. Visit Fear Free Happy Homes here and join at no cost!
As outdoor temperatures increase, the risk of pet heat stroke increases. Just like humans, your dog, cat, or small pet can succumb to heat stroke when his/her body temperature rises excessively. The normal body temperature for a dog or cat is about 101.5°F. At 105 degrees Fahrenheit or higher, their furry bodies simply cannot sweat to dissipate the heat. Panting and breathing rapidly can only help so much before their bodies enter the danger zone leading to seizures, organ failure and blood clotting complications. Heat stroke is therefore a medical emergency and requires veterinary treatment.
Pets can suffer heat stroke in the following ways:
Leaving a pet in a locked car unattended – Cracking the window is not a sufficient way to keep the interior of a car cool enough to be safe. Here’s a handy chart that tells you just what the temperature difference is inside a car versus the outside air temperature. Simply leave your pet at home.
Over exercise outdoors on hot and humid days – Certain breeds of dogs such as Pekingese, pugs, Lhasa apsos and Boston terriers (those with short noses) are predisposed to heat stroke. Overweight or obese pets and those with airway problems cannot handle the heat very well. Asking your pet to run or play in hot, humid weather might lead to heat exhaustion or stroke.
Accidentally being trapped in a hot, enclosed space – It is not unheard of that a cat sneaks into a hot attic, garage, or even a car and goes unnoticed until it’s too late. Keep close tabs on your felines during hot weather and make sure all pets are accounted for when the temperatures sour.
Pets kept in outdoor enclosures – For those with pet rabbits kept in outdoor hutches, for example, it’s important to know that bunnies are more susceptible to heat stroke from temperatures greater than 85 degrees F. You should roll or move their hutch into a cool garage or under a tree for shade when the temperature climbs. Also, place a frozen plastic milk jug inside their hutch. While the jug slowly thaws, it will keep your rabbit cooler.
Indoor temperatures that are less than ideal – Keeping pets comfortable and healthy inside your home can be just as important as outdoor situations. Guinea Pigs, for example, should be kept in a quiet area out of direct sunlight. The recommended room temperature is 65-79 degrees F. They do better in cooler temperatures rather than in too much heat and humidity. Like rabbits, they can get heat stroke at temperatures over 85 degrees F. All pets need access to clean, fresh water at all times, indoor or outside.
Know the Signs and Symptoms of Pet Heat Stroke
Dogs and cats suffering from heat stroke will first demonstrate excessive panting, salivating, difficulty in breathing, and discomfort. As symptoms progress, they may vomit or have diarrhea, become noticeably disoriented or even begin to have seizures. If not promptly treated, this can lead to loss of consciousness and even death.
Emergency first aid and veterinary treatment
To save a pet suffering from heat stroke, take first aid measures immediately by placing cool, wet towels over the back of the pet’s neck, in the armpits and in the groin region. You may also wet the earflaps and paws with cool water. Then quickly transport him/her to the closest veterinary facility for emergency treatment. Many of the complications from heat stroke do not begin to appear until several days after the incident, and prompt veterinary care can potentially prevent or treat some of these complications and save your pet’s life.
Be sure to keep a list of 24-hour emergency care facilities on hand so you know just where to go if an incident occurs. As always, be safe, not sorry.
A common reason many cats get taken to the groomer is for matting. Sometimes cats mat because they are older, overweight, arthritic, and just can’t get to certain areas on their body and groom as well. If owners don’t regularly brush their long haired cats, they can get so matted that it’s painful for the cat and no longer possible to humanely brush or comb them out. But there are options.
What is a Lion Shave?
The term Lion Shave is used by veterinarians and cat groomers to describe the haircut done on cats when they are completely shaved down.
This grooming technique is a shave very close to the cat’s skin on their body, belly and chest, leaving long hair on the legs, around the cat’s head, and on the tail.
Besides matting, some cats shed heavily and may have or cause allergies. Therefore, a lion shave can be performed on either a long or short haired cat for various reasons.
A cat who has very long and dense fur that gets easily matted in certain areas may benefit from a lion shave.
When cats get matted, it can become painful and silently bother them. Many cat owners don’t realize it until we do a lion shave grooming on them.
A lion shave in the spring helps prepare the cat for a more comfortable summer. After the Lion Shave, a cat can immediately feel more comfortable and clean. He/she can go home feeling happier and often becomes more affectionate.
Let your veterinarian guide you, because some cats may not be the best candidates for a Lion Shave and will become stressed or aggressive.
Only those properly trained should perform this type of grooming procedure. Certain areas on the cat’s body are high-risk for nicking and injury, and trained professionals know the limits of your pet’s body and how to avoid injuring your cat. Please do not attempt to do this at home yourself. Speak to your veterinarian or professional groomer.
If your cat’s fur is matted or you have other concerns, it is best to seek out a qualified professional cat groomer or talk to your veterinarian about a grooming technique such as a Lion Shave. Your veterinarian or groomer can also give you advice on how to manage your cat’s grooming requirements as the fur grows back in and how to stay on a regular grooming schedule.
Dr. Joe Martins, DVM, Belle Mead Animal Hospital
Attention all rabbit owners! Belle Mead Animal Hospital is finally able to start sourcing vaccines for Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (RHDV-2).
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease is a highly contagious, fatal disease in rabbits. RHDV2 DOES NOT affect humans, but it can affect both domestic AND wild rabbits. Infected rabbits may develop a fever, be hesitant to eat, or show respiratory signs, neurologic signs, or internal bleeding. However, many times, the only signs of the disease are sudden death. Unfortunately, there are no treatments available at this time.
RHDV2 can be spread through direct contact or exposure to an infected rabbit’s blood or excretions. The virus can also survive and be spread from carcasses, food, water, and any contaminated materials. It has also been spread by insects. This virus is very hearty, and humans can spread the virus indirectly by carrying it on their clothing and shoes after being exposed to an infected animal or environment.
Even worse news is that as of May 2022, New Jersey now has its first two confirmed cases of RHDV2 in Cape May County.
The good news? Medgene Labs of Brookings, SD has developed a new vaccine and gained emergency use authorization by the USDA after review of current safety and challenge information. We are finally able to get some of these vaccines and will be able to start vaccine clinics to get rabbits vaccinated as soon as they arrive.
This vaccine is a series of 2 vaccines given 21 days apart. At this time, we are asking rabbit owners to email Belle Mead Animal Hospital at firstname.lastname@example.org with the subject RABBIT VACCINE. We will start a list of rabbits that will get the vaccine once available. In the meantime, please keep your rabbits inside, do not handle rabbits that are not yours, wash your hands and clothes before handling your rabbit, and please contact us at the first sign of any illness!
Find Frequently Asked Questions here: Medgene Labs Frequently Asked Questions
Dr. Kim Somjen, DVM, Belle Mead Animal Hospital
Every year one week is designated as National Dog Bite Prevention Week. The AVMA reports with an estimated population of 70 million dogs living in U.S. households, millions of people, most of them children, are bitten by dogs every year. The majority of these bites, if not all, are preventable.
Why dogs bite: Dogs can bite because they are nervous, scared, in pain, surprised, or just protecting their house, car, toy, bed, etc. Dogs see your actions and can smell your anxiety or fear which can stimulate them to a heightened level of arousal.
Dogs respond to body language. If a dog is misreading your actions, they will try to protect themselves. Loud noises and fast movements can excite or scare dogs.
When a dog is in pain either from illness or injury, they don’t understand where the pain is coming from. If you touch them, that sensation might create more pain for them, and they could respond by biting. Many dogs are quiet even when in pain. If you suspect your dog is in pain, simply leave it alone and rely on your veterinarian’s advice on how to best handle the dog.
Pet parents need to be proactive rather than reactive to their dog’s behavior. Practicing and rewarding calm behaviors and jobs like “sit and stay” can lead to really good manners and habits. Using treats and practicing positive reinforcement as often as you can on a daily basis are key.
Visit the AVMA’s website to learn more about dog bite prevention and access tools to help educate others so we can all work together to prevent dog bites.
Recommended Reading: Dr. Joe Martins addresses local Cub Scouts on Pet Safety
Out of all the plants that are toxic to your cat, lilies are the most dangerous. It’s well worth a reminder not only at Easter time when Easter lilies abound, but anytime throughout the year when people are purchasing flowers for their home or as gifts. It is simply too easy for a cat to accidentally be put at risk of lily poisoning and certain death when a lily plant is presented by an uninformed person or pet parent.
It’s not just Easter Lilies
Easter lilies are very popular, but there are many types of lilies besides the Easter lily that are highly toxic. The list also includes Tiger lilies, Day lilies, Asiatic hybrid lilies, Japanese show lilies, Rubrum lilies, Stargazer lilies, Red lilies, Western lilies, and Wood lilies. Be safe and don’t try to discriminate.
Florists typically include at least one lily in practically every floral arrangement they provide. Therefore, always request no lilies if sending an arrangement to a pet owner.
Also, beware of unsuspecting guests who may bring flowers into your home not realizing they are putting your cat in danger. Please inspect every plant that is presented to you, and remove it from your home if there is any doubt about its safety.
How ingesting a lily affects your cat
Cats are curious creatures, and a plant is meant to be investigated. Therefore, it’s extremely important to know that all parts of the Lily are highly toxic to cats. Even if your cat ingests a small amount, as little as two or three petals or leaves, it can kill them under the radar weeks and sometimes even months later. Even the pollen or water from the vase is just as toxic as the plant itself.
When a cat chews any piece of any type of lily, the toxins immediately have an adverse effect on its kidneys. Remember, the kidneys are meant to remove toxic wastes from the body. However, when the toxin is so overwhelming that these substances cannot be adequately removed, the stage is set for kidney failure. The pet develops excess thirst, nausea and vomits. They experience pain, weakness, appetite loss, intestinal bleeding, and even seizures.
By the time the diagnosis of kidney failure is made, the disease has taken hold. Emergency treatment includes decontamination (like inducing vomiting and giving binders like activated charcoal), aggressive intravenous fluid therapy, anti-vomiting medication, kidney function monitoring tests, blood pressure monitoring, urine output monitoring, and supportive care. Treatment typically requires three days of hospitalization. Even then, the cat’s kidneys can eventually shut down with a fatal outcome.
If you suspect lily poisoning, seek help immediately
If you think your cat has consumed any part of a lily plant, take your cat and the plant immediately to a veterinarian for medical care. Get familiar with the Emergency page on our website for after-hours instructions on where to go. When in doubt, call the Pet Poison Hotline at 800-213-6680 for life-saving information.
Dr. Joe Martins, DVM, Belle Mead Animal Hospital
Attention pet Rabbit owners! A highly contagious disease caused by a strain of the RHD virus has been infecting and killing both domestic and wild rabbits. It was first detected in the United States in 2018, and has been spreading west to east ever since rapidly.
In fact, Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus 2 (RHDV2) has now become the most fatal disease afflicting household rabbits. Research has shown as many as 85-95% of those animals exposed resulted in fatality.
But there is hope. A RHDV2 Vaccine developed by U.S. based Medgene Labs has received USDA Emergency Use Authorization. To date, 44 States have received authorization and supplies have started to be obtained. While BMAH is still waiting for our own vaccine supply, please make note of the disease symptoms below and call your family veterinarian as soon as possible if you notice any of the these irregularities:
- Loss of appetite
- Fever of 104F or higher
- Seizures, weakness, wobbliness and other neurological signs
- Jaundice, or yellowing of the skin and mucosal membranes (most noticeably in the ears)
- Bleeding from nose, mouth, genital openings or rectum
- Difficulty breathing
- Sudden death
Keep in mind as noted above, some rabbits can be asymptomatic and die suddenly from this disease, which makes it all the more necessary that your pet be vaccinated as soon as possible.
RHDV2 Rabbit Vaccination Clinic Notice
At this time, BMAH can refer clients to a RHDV2 Rabbit Vaccination Clinic in Lebanon, PA (exact location to be announced). Space is limited so please request a Registration Packet from Adventurebunnycares@hotmail.com – Deadline to register is February 25, 2022.
To be fully vaccinated, the rabbit must be available for a two-dose regime, with the first shot on March 6, and the booster on March 17.
The cost is $25 per rabbit which includes both shots plus a $10 donation each visit to help defray the costs of clinic set up and veterinary technician travel expenses.
Vaccination Is the Best Defense Against Spreading RHDV2
Even if an infected rabbit survives the disease, they can continue to shed virus for up to 2 months and infect others. Also troubling is how easily transmissible the virus is in a variety of ways. This virus can live for up to 3 1/2 months in the environment and can easily spread from exposed hay, to migrating birds, or even through treats and toys produced in contaminated areas. RHDV2 is also easily transmitted by “fomite” meaning objects like shoes or clothing and “vectors” like insects, indoor/outdoor pets and car tires that become contaminated with live virus.
In other parts of the world, seasonal outbreaks have been noted. Find more information from the House Rabbit Society here: https://rabbit.org/rhdv/
Use the BMAH Website as an Educational Resource!
Did you know you can now Search our website for particular topics of information and advice? Visit our Learning Center > Search this Site and enter a word or words of the subject you want to learn more about. We are constantly adding new material to our website and improving functionality to help serve you better.
Kim Somjen, DVM, Belle Mead Animal Hospital